The 130th Combat Support Brigade has an enviable record of service beginning as the 1st Regiment North Carolina Volunteers in 1861. The unit answered the call to the colors in June 1916 for service in World War I. It was part of the offensive that broke the Hindenburg Line, the last German line of hesitance on the western front. The unit served in World War II as part of the 30th Infantry Division fighting in many of the major battles in theater including St. Lo and Mortain, the Battle of the Bulge and the Elbe River.
On 1 October 1978, when the 105th Engineer Group was reorganized the unit was re-designated as the 30th Engineer Brigade (Theater Army). The group deployed to Iraq in 2004 and was responsible for engineering operations for all of Northern Iraq. In September 2006, the unit became the 130th Combat Support Brigade (Maneuver Enhancement) headquartered in Charlotte, NC.